31st July 2010

What’s Wrong With This Picture: A Steal Of A Deal Edition

The Porsche Center of San Antonio offers its customers the once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fill their tires with nitrogen for only $49.95. No word on whether this is special imported German nitrogen or not, but it definitely isn’t the most expensive nitrogen scam out there… [via Corvetteblogger.com]

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31st July 2010

Minnesota Appeals Court: Avoiding Police Justifies Traffic Stop

A motorist who avoids a police car is inherently suspicious, according to a ruling handed down by the Minnesota Court of Appeals on Tuesday. A three-judge panel found that even if the officer observed no illegal conduct, a traffic stop and interrogation is justified when a driver seems not to want to be around a patrol car.

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31st July 2010

London transport – Soviet style

News that London’s roads will be partially closed during the Olympics in order that athletes and officials can get to the Games on time will leave residents distinctly underwhelmed.

It’s not as if it’s a breeze swanning around the nation’s capital at the best of times but a full 2.5% of roads will be dedicated to the grandiose-sounding ‘Olympic Route Network,’ in a bid to ease the path of those attending the east London jamboree.

This is nothing new of course. Back in the day, Soviet dignatories would glide through Moscow in their Zil limos in dedicated central lanes, while the ever-equal comrades – if they had cars at all – slummed it in whatever road was left.

But hang about. There’s been non-stop trumpeting about how green the London Olympics are going to be, sustainable this and environmental that.

There’s even a so-called British ‘bullet train’ – which to anyone who has meandered about the UK’s rail network will come as a somewhat startling concept – to whisk happy game-goers from St Pancras International rail station to the Olympic site in an eye-wateringly fast seven minutes.

So news of the Soviet-style Zil lanes comes as a bit of a surprise and you can bet anything London taxi drivers – not a breed known for sensitivity – will be fuming.

And anyway, why shouldn’t athletes and officials weasel in like the rest of us. I accept taking a pole vault or javelin on the train might pose a few problems, but it would enliven the journey considerably and bring the Games closer to the people.

Over to you Boris.


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31st July 2010

Manufacturing Troubles Remain a Drag on Recovery, Trade & Jobs

via The Seattle Times

by Jon Talton

Top of the News: The Institute for Supply Management’s manufacturing index seems consistent with recovery, coming in at 53.6 for November; any number above 50 signifies expansion in the sector. Unfortunately, the reading sagged from 55.7 the month before, tripping up what economists had hoped would be a steady climb out of recession.

A deeper look shows that the index provides no relief for the biggest immediate problem facing Americans, unemployment. Only six of 18 manufacturing industries reported growth in employment. Only 11.7 million Americans worked manufacturing as of October. That compares with 17.3 million in October 1999.

Not only do manufacturing jobs pay better than their counterparts in service industries, they tend to add real value to economic activity (as opposed to selling mortgage swindles). They are also twined with our trade issues. Even fewer manufacturing jobs are now in industries that export, a key part of our huge manufacturing trade deficit.

Unfortunately, this phenomenon was happening even before the Great Recession. A report from the Economic Policy Institute shows that manufacturing employment between 1965 and 2000 never dipped below 16.5 million. This even as manufacturing shrank as a share of the economy (take out Boeing and it would be much smaller). This changed as imports surged after China joined the WTO and other Asian factory centers upped their game. By 2004, the number was lower than any time since 1950.

“It is often claimed that declines in manufacturing employment stem entirely from productivity growth,” according to EPI economist L. Josh Bivens. “However, rapid productivity growth is the norm, not the exception, in manufacturing. What is new about the manufacturing job crisis of the last four years is the sharp downturn in the ratio of domestic production to demand.”

Indeed, American steelmakers are shrinking yet again.

The Back Story: The official unemployment rate including discouraged workers and part-timers seeking full-time work is 17.5 percent. But Shadow Government Statistics, a provocative and reliable site, argues even this underestimates the problem. Try…22 percent.

Complete Article

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31st July 2010

Car Disgust: BMW 3-series

This is probably one of the most challenging posts I have ever attempted to compose. How does one go about dissing perhaps the most revered sport sedan of the last 30 years, arguably one of the finest automobiles in the world at present? And I have labeled it an Objet d’isgust?

Well, it’s complicated. Often when one attempts to dissect one’s own feelings about a particular object, especially negative feelings, it’s more a matter of self-discovery than anything else. And part of that self-discovery is determining the origin of those negative feelings, which often arise from sources that have nothing whatever to do with the object of hate. In addition, I’ve often found that my perceptions of certain people, places, or things say more about how they’ve been presented to me rather than as a product of my own thought process. And once all the navel-gazing is said and done, I sometimes end up realizing my hate has more to do with my own preconceptions than with any inherent qualities of said object.

And so we come to the BMW, particularly the 3 series. My feelings towards BMWs have always been kind of schizophrenic. On the one hand, I’ve always tended to see them as the quintessential self-satisfied Yuppie-mobile; on the other, as a largely objectively high quality automobile. How to reconcile the two? Well, if you can stand a little amateur psychologizing and ’80s pop culture references with your Car Lust history, join me below the fold as I delve into the swirl of emotions surrounding this car and others like it, all without (hopefully) ticking a lot of people off.

The germ of this post came out of the old SUV Throwdown of a couple of years ago. Feelings are very strong regarding those vehicles and, for all you young’uns, a lot of the same sorts of feelings were here in the ’80s regarding certain cars. Early on, I was a full-bore SUV-hater; later on, I mellowed out on them and generally came down on the live-and-let-live side of that argument, figuring a 400-horsepower sports car made about as much sense on city streets as a fully-equipped off-roader did. By then, I had come to believe that my ire at SUVs was more about my own perceptions of the sort of people that drove them as the vehicles themselves.

Err, but then we have the BMW, which I still have some fixation on. After the awfulness often gaudy but still wonderful era of 1970s car design, the 1980s brought with it a new cleanliness of line that had its start earlier in the States and earlier still elsewhere. BMW had gained some attention in the US with its 2002,
still a favorite among collectors and racing enthusiasts. The 3 series started out as a replacement for the 2002, a more upscale sedan known internally as the E21. It originally came in the three familiar model numbers: the 316, 318, and 320 all with slightly different standard features, although only the 320i was available in the US. The engines, starting out at 1.6 liters and going up to 2.0 liters, were designed for economy, coming as they did on the heels of the oil crises of the early ’70s. By 1983 the 320i’s engine had shrunk to 1.8 liters and only developed 100 horsepower; certainly not laughable but not exactly stellar.

The next generation E30, which started production in 1982 (available in 1984 here), is where the BMW really started to gain wide attention in the US and began its ascent as the “Ultimate Driving Machine”. Where the E21 offered only 2-door models the E30 came in both 2- and 4-door versions with larger, more powerful engines as BMW shifted away from economy and more toward performance. That most quintessential of this generation, the 325i, was introduced in 1985 and put out a respectable 168 horsepower. This was only a few shades less than the muscle cars of the time: the Camaro topped out at 215 horsepower in the IROC-Z and the Mustang GT with around 210.

Stylewise, the E30s were much more aerodynamic and “sportier” than the E21 and had a distinctly muscular look to them, although one more designed to evoke long-distance road-carving rather than straight-line acceleration. With better handling than their muscle car counterparts, the image was quite apt. Meanwhile, in 1988 BMW set forth the first M3 in the US which Car and Driver described as “not a car for yuppies.”

Ah yes, the Yuppies. It was about this time–the mid-1980s–that the Yuppie phenomenon started to take off. The Yuppie, short for YUP or Young Urban Professional, could be described as preppies that graduated from college. The last vestiges of Stagflation having been shrugged off, the US economy started taking off and young professionals with disposable income started looking around for stuff to spend it on. Legend has it that the term originated with Bob Greene in 1983 who compared them to Yippies who had grown up (actually just one, Jerry Rubin, but that’s good enough for us). Probably the archetype was Michael J. Fox’s character Alex P. Keaton of TV’s Family Ties, who welded the connection between the hippie generation of his parents and the new breed.

According to Time magazine “Yuppies are dedicated to the twin goals of making
piles of money and 
achieving perfection through physical fitness and
therapy.” You know the type: guys in silk suits, Wayfarers, Motorola “brick” in hand loudly telling their broker which stock to buy or arranging which wine bar to meet “Tiffany” at later (or, let’s face it, ordering a few lines of Bolivian Marching Powder from “Chas” their erstwhile friend and current supplier).

BMW wasn’t the only car that got “Yuppified” but was arguably the most famous (Saab also figures prominently, but never got its own moniker, like the “Beemer/Bimmer”). Was it fair? Eh, probably to a certain extent; a lot of upwardly mobile professionals gravitated to them much like the gray-flannel suit crowd of earlier days went for the Cadillacs and Lincolns once they hit a certain salary range.

The negative connotation is another story. Frankly, I think much of the negativity directed at Yuppies was more a product of the entertainment industry’s political leanings than anything else. It was the Reagan era, “Morning in America”, a more or less direct repudiation of the ’60s counter-culture which much of Hollywood came of age in, and thus was something to be derided and vilified. To be honest, I bought into the Yuppie-hate thing, although in my case it was far more of a class thing. As a poor starving college student through much of the ’80s, I had a certain aversion to those who would pursue something as gauche as money while I was pursuing the intellectual (i.e., unmarketable skills) life.

I certainly wasn’t the only one who harbored these thoughts. I recall a couple of years ago when my Mustang II was starting to need a lot of work to remain viable and I mentioned to my Spousal Unit that I might consider a BMW–I had by this time started studying cars in more detail and decided that, as cars, they weren’t too bad–and without a fraction of a second’s hesitation she said “But you’re not an [expletive deleted].”

The bad rap is worldwide, of course. In the UK we are informed by the boys from Top Gear that BMW drivers are “[expletive deleted]s” (though I think they have since decided those people drive Audi’s instead). In Australia they are known as “[expletive deleted]s”. And even in Tajikistan the dialect, while somewhat difficult to translate directly into English, refers to them as “[expletive deleted] with [expletive deleted] on a yak’s [expletive deleted] to your mother’s [expletive deleted]“.

I jest, obviously (though both the Top Gear and my Spousal Unit’s comments are direct quotes, more or less). As I say, there is probably some truth to the association; that’s what marketing does and BMW has certainly marketed their cars to the more affluent among us. But I think most of my ire has been a dose of misplaced class warfare, aided and abetted by a media-entertainment complex with an axe to grind. Thus, I would like to take this opportunity to apologize to all those BMW drivers out there for all the bad thoughts I have directed at you over the years based solely on the car you choose to drive.

Except the ones who cut me off on the highway; you remain [expletives deleted].

Credits: The top photo comes from BMWBlog, the E21 and E30 are from Wikipedia, and the Yuppie photo is found all over the web.

–Anthony Cagle

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30th July 2010

Subaru Air Conditioning Explained

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Typical Subaru Air conditioning Problems explained.

The Air conditioning (AC) system in your Subaru is made up of the following.

A compressor, Condenser, Evaporative (Evap) core, Expansion valve, receiver dryer, hoses and lines, thermo sensor and the controls.  Inside the car there are a series of ducting or blend doors and their respective controls.  I am not really going to give a class on how the ac system works I will save that for another article.

Anytime you notice a situation where the Ac system isn’t blowing cold air, there is some sort of a problem with the ac system.  Driving down the road at 60 mph brings in a rush of air that may feel cool to you, just like standing in front of a box fan in your house provides some temperature decrease.  But if the ac doesn’t actually feel cold there is a problem.

When the ac system is in fact not performing as it should a diagnoses must be performed.  When an ac system has a low charge the performance will most definitely suffer.   But its also possible to have a ac system that has a full charge and not blow cold as well.  The possibilities are many and in some circumstances the problem may be hard to diagnose or have more than one issue.

Adding to this is that it is normal to lose about 2 ounces of R134a out of an automotive system every year with no real leaks.  So on the one hand the system could just be low enough to not function correctly after 4 years with no real problems or it can be low as a result of a leak.

I wanted to point out some of the current issues we see.

The 2000 to 2004 Legacy and Outback suffer from leaks at the 2 Ac hoses one from the compressor to the condenser and one form the compressor to the Evap core.  This causes the system to run low or empty.  It’s a very correctable situation and if not fixed properly will just cause the R134a gas to leak back out causing the problem you were trying to fix to reoccur.  To find the leak test equipment is needed.

2002 to 2003 Subaru Impreza, ( all models and trim levels) has an issue where the Evap core can ice over as a result of a design issue to the system, Subaru has issued a service bulletin about it.  The fix is a new thermosensor (which is located in the Evap core).  This requires taking the Evap core out of the vehicle which is partially removing the dash components on the passenger side.  I usually suggest replacing the expansion valve at the same time.

The 2001 to 2004 Outback with the H6 has some of the same leaky hose issues that plague the 4cylinder models.

The newer Ac systems (2005 and up) are smaller than they have been previously and even just a slightly low charge can affect the performance.

Typically speaking we only think about the Ac system when it isn’t working correctly, but the reality is, it really should be serviced at least every 4 years.   As the system loses some of the refrigerant as part of what is considered normal, it is replaced with air, which creates moisture in the system, which periodically needs to be removed through a process called evacuation, which involves hooking up a vacuum pump and putting the system into vacuum, the system should than be re-oiled and recharged with refrigerant and this good maintenance can help ensure your ac system will work when you want it to.

Thanks for reading


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